Turda Salt Mines in Romania
It was declared the no.1 coolest underground place to visit in the world by Business Insider (http://www.businessinsider.com/world-underground-attractions-2014-2)
Excavated by hand since the 13th century—although perhaps as early at 1075—the massive Turda Salt Mines in Transylvania is now a subterranean museum and recreation center with basketball hoops, a mini-golf course, Ferris wheel, and even an underground lake you can go boating on.
From mine mouth to dome’s floor is a staggering 368 feet underground. Those with allergies and asthma will be especially interested in the mine’s halotherapy spa facilities, which use ionized air, pressure, and humidity in the salt-lined caves to treat persistent respiratory problems.
Turda salt mine was renovated and it reopened its doors in 2010 after a 5.888.000 euro investment. The project has been a main target of the various political groups in the city of Turda. The management of Salina Turda has been changed numerous times due to the political power-play in the city hall. Currently Salina Turda is lays under a massive debt of approximately 8 million lei.
Salt was first extracted here during the antiquity and the mine continuously produced table salt from the Middle Ages (the mine being first mentioned in 1075) to the early 20th century (1932).
The first document that speaks explicitly about the existence of a salt mine in Turda dates from 1 May 1271, being issued by the Hungarian chancellery.
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